By Wayno Guerrini 1/30/2019
I. In the beginning
A. Man was created
== very good (Gen 1:31)
And the Lord God
commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the
garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you
shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely
die.” – Gen 2:16-17
Not just a physical
death…..but a spiritual death.
II. So what is Sin?
disobedience. (Unbelief of what God has said.)
B. Always against
a person. We forget – God is a person.
just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through
sin, and so death spread to all men[e]
because all sinned— 13 for sin indeed was in the world before
the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.
14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose
sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the
one who was to come. Romans 5:12-14 ESV)
D. Stores up the
wrath and anger of God.
Temptation – Lust,
Sin, Death (the LSD of the Bible)
Ezek 18:20 – The
soul that sins, shall surely die.
Romans 3:23 All have
sinned, and come short of the glory of God. (come back to verses 24
& 25 – they are key to this study)
Romans 6:23 – Sin
pays a wage…The wages of sin is death….but….
Romans 2:5 But
because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath
for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will
be revealed. (ESV)\
Love: God is love (1 John 4:8) Anyone who does not love does
not know God, because God is love. (ESV)
God is righteous and
judges: Righteous are You, O Lord,
And upright are Your judgments. (Psalm 119:137)
God is Holy: For thus says the high and exalted One Who lives
forever, whose name is Holy, (Isa 57:15)
Our Father who is in
Heaven. Holy is your name….Matt 6:9
God is truth:
“Jesus said to him, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life.
No one comes to the Father except through me. If you had known me,
You would have known my Father also. From now on you know him and
have seen him” (John 14:6-7)
God is wrath: For
the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and
unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the
truth. (Romans 1:18)
God has many
attributes. But He never stops being one to favour the other. God
is always righteous, He is always truthful. He is always holy. He
judges rightly. But at the same time, God is filled with wrath,
against all ungodliness and unrighteousness.
So there we have it.
Our sin is against the personhood of God. Through our disobedience,
we are storing up God’s wrath. We are at a place in our society,
where we fear man, much more than, we fear the Almighty. What is the
end? Again, Ezekiel reminds us: Ezek 18:20 – The soul that sins,
shall surely die.
Moral Law – the 10
commandments a sign post of what God is like. The law was a
school-master – teaching us about God’s law. Remember that we
are created in the image of God. The image of God, His
righteousness, his holiness are revealed to us in the law. Has we
ever sinned? Broken God’s moral law? Of course….All have
sinned. Sin must be judged. We know that the penalty of sin, is
death. The law was a
Is there then no
hope for mankind? We see the first glimmer of hope in Gen 3:15
I will put enmity between you and the woman,
between your offspring and her offspring;
he shall bruise your
and you shall bruise his heel.”
This is called the
proto-evangel. The first reference pointing the way to Christ.
At this point, I hope you are asking yourself, why did Jesus have to
The ceremonial law,
the statutes contained in Exodus and Leviticus, was a foreshadowing.
Sins were covered – but never atoned (paid). So the sinner had to
come again and again.
8 Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without
blood. 19 For when every commandment of the law had been
declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and
goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the
book itself and all the people, 20 saying, “This is the blood
of the covenant that God commanded for you.” 21 And in the
same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the
vessels used in worship. 22 Indeed, under the law almost
everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood
there is no forgiveness of sins.
Covered. But not
paid. How could sinful man ever be reconciled to the holiness of
God? We can’t do it. Never. Ever.
reminds us: For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all
ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness
suppress the truth. (Romans 1:18)
As Charlie Brown
would say: “We’re doomed!” And doomed we are.
So how do you
propitiate? Satisfy. Appease. Reconcile?
IV. Propitiation –
the Necessity of Christ.
God is full of wrath
against the sins of mankind.
God demands justice.
He demands death. How can we be saved from God’s wrath.
Yes – I will do
good works. I will be a good upstanding citizen. Yes that will do
it. God will surely let me into Heaven because of my righteous
deeds. Ta da!
Will that work?
Does that work?
V. The Problem
A. How can God
remain just, yet justify the ungodly?
B. The answer to
that delicious, delectable, dilemma, is why Jesus had to die?
To delight the
Father. The Holy Spirit testifies to the glory of Christ, and Christ
testifies to the will of the Father.
C. Let’s define
1. Redemption (a
commercial or commerce term). It means to buy one out of the slave
market. The price is so great, that they could never, ever be sold
into slavery again.
Redemption then, is
Christ’s atoning work, on the cross towards mankind. He paid the
ultimate price. The price was so high, it demanded the death
of Christ. I will define atonement in a minute.
That is a term we don’t hear much today. In a very simplistic
manner, it means satisfaction. God was satisfied with the death of
his Son upon the cross, for your sins, and my sins.
Redemption (towards man) (|
(an accounting term. restoration on friendly terms)
(satisfaction Towards God). Jesus died to propitiate (satisfy) a
Holy, righteous, Just God.
The justice of God
demanded a sentence. The Bible tells us in Romans 6:23 For the
wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in
Christ Jesus our Lord. (ESV)
enrobed himself with the wrath of God for us. All the requirements
of the law are satisfied. We have atonement: that is the repairing
of of a damaged relationship.
satisfied a holy, righteous and just God. Christ died to propitiate
(satisfy) God’s righteous, and justified wrath. As the commercial
goes: “But wait! There’s more!
appeased the wrath of the offended person and brought about
reconciliation (a change in relationship).
Because of Christ,
my sentence of death, is expiated! I’ll bet you have never heard
that term before.
It means we are not
only held liable to pay for your sins, (not culpable) but the record
is expunged (erased, obliterated (smashed to smithereens)), the
account has been paid in full, and the records have been destroyed.
can be seen in the old Testament’s description of the passover.
12:13 reminds us:
…when I see the
blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy
Today, I would ask, when God looks at you, does he see the blood of
Christ, that brings reconciliation, atonement, expiation, or are you
still mired in doubt and guilt with the weight of sin crush down on
you? Have you trusted in God’s remedy for sin, or are you relying
on your “Good Works to get you into Heaven?”
When God asks, “What have you done with my son, Jesus?” What
will be your reply? The answer has unfathomable eternal
consequences. Just and Justifier:
It was to show his righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus. Romans 3:26 ESV
Who is directing your eternal path? God or you?
Why did Jesus have
February 13, 2019
1. What happens on
2. What is sin?
1. 2. 3.
Sin is always
3. List some of the
attributes of God?
5. The justice of
God demanded a sentence. What was the sentence? (Rom 6:23)
6. Propitiation –
The Necessity of Christ’s
A. God is full of
wrath against the sins of mankind. God demands justice. He demanded
death. How can we be saved from God’s wrath?
B. The Problem?
1). How can God
remain just, yet justify the ungodly?
2). The answer is
a delicious. Delectable. Dilemma. The answer is why Jesus
had to die.
7. What is your
definition of the following:
8. What propitiates?
Blood or death?